Sunday, February 26, 2017

Learning Sanskrit Through English - Online Book - Lessons and Videos

Sanskrit Alphabet

Learn Sanskrit Alphabets - Lessons and Videos

Sanskrit Words

Learn Sanskrit Words through English - Lessons and Videos

Sanskrit Sentences

Learn Sanskrit Sentences through English - Lessons and Videos

Sanskrit Stories

Learn Sanskrit through Listening to Stories and Watching Videos of Stories

Sanskrit News Broadcasts

Listen to Sanskrit News from DD News Jan - Feb 2016 - Learn Sanskrit


Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 1

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 2

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 3

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 4

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 5

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 6

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 7.1

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 7.2

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 8.1

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 8.2

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 9.1

Sanskrit Language Teaching Through Video -- Part 9.2


Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 1

Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 2

Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 3

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Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 18

Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 19

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Spoken Sanskrit Lesson 30


Sanskrit Exercise 1

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Sanskrit Digital Dictionaries

My Personal Effort at Developing Sanskrit Lessons
Projest started on Knol. Transferred to Blog on 25.1.2012 Last update Date

Introduction: Parts of Speech

Nouns and Adjectives

In Sanskrit language nouns and adjectives change their forms (words) for various cases. The structure of these form changes are different for different categories of words as well as genders. In the traditional way of learning Sanskrit, a book on nouns called Sabdamanjari is used and learners have to become conversant with a large number of nouns and their declensions.


Similarly verbs also have declensions or change of forms (words) for various tenses as well as various persons. Dhatu Manjari is used to make learners conversant with the various forms of verbs.
Each verb has forms for six tenses and four moods apart having different forms for singular number, dual number, and plural number and also for first person, second person and third person.
The six tenses in Sanskrit language are
1. Present
2. Imperfect past
3. Aorist (past)
4. Perfect tense
5. First future
6. Second future
Four moods
1. Conditional mood
2. Potential mood
3. Benedictive mood
4. Imperative mood
We shall try to take a nontraditional route to learn some basics of Sanskrit language in the lessons to follow.
 (added on 19.12.2008)

Lesson 1

Masculine nouns in first case (Subjective case or subject of the verb) singular number

Ajah: goat
Asvah: horse
Balah: boy
Nripah: king
Putrah: son
Sevakah: servant
Varahah: pig or boar
Vanarah: monkey

Nouns of neuter gender in first case

Phalam; fruit
annam: food
vakyam: sentence
Jalam: water

Second case (objective case - object of verb) of nouns of neuter gender

Phalam: fruit
annam: food
vakyam: sentence
Jalam: water


Verb roots

(Pa) Pib:  to drink
Khad: to eat
Pach: cook

Present tense form of verbs  for third person - singular number

Pibati: is drinking or drinks
Khadati: is eating or eats
Pachati: is cooking or cooks

Some simple sentences in present tense using subject, verb in present tense and object (of neuter gender singular number)

Gajah phalam khadati : The element is eating a fruit.
Sevakah annam pachati: The cook is cooking the food.
Asvah jalam pibati; The horse is drinking water
Second Case form  of Masuline Gender - Singular number words  ending in "ah" as in Ramah
First      -   Second
Case     -   Case
-------         ------------ 
Ramah -- Ramam
Ajah: ajam
Asvah: asvam
Balah: balam
Nripah: nripam
Putrah: putram
Sevakah: sevakam
Varahah: varaham 
Vanarah: vanaram

Sanskrit Lessons - Directory 

A News Item
Jan.10, 2008: Washoe County of Nevada has proclaimed January 12 as Sanskrit Day.

A proclamation signed by Robert M. Larkin, Chairman of Washoe County Commission, under the Seal of Washoe County, says, ” PROCLAIMED, That Washoe County recognizes the importance of the Sanskrit language and January 12, 2008 as Sanskrit Day”.
It further says, “As Hinduism expands in the West, it is important that to understand Hinduism, one should have a working knowledge of Sanskrit.”
Famed German philologist Max Muller once said, “Sanskrit is the greatest language of the world.” In America, scholar William D. Whitney wrote the Sanskrit Grammar in 1879. Sanskrit is also known as “the language of the gods”.


Sanskrit Self  Learning Book (Hindi)

Sanskrit Learning Pages on web

Updated 1 March 2017, 21 Feb 2016 (International Mother Language Day)
22 August 2013


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